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Do you need to pay superannuation for contractors?

A contractor can turn into an employee for legal and financial obligations, so when working with contractors, employers need to test whether they count as an employee or contractor for superannuation purposes according to the rules stated in the Superannuation Guarantee (SG).

The ATO states that even if contractors quote an Australian Business Number (ABN), they are identified as employees for superannuation guarantee purposes if they are paid mainly for their labour. Employers must make superannuation contributions to these workers if they are being paid:

If any of the above criteria are not met, then employers may not have to pay superannuation. The minimum amount of super that needs to be paid is 9.5% of each worker’s ordinary time earnings (OTE), which is what employees earn for their ordinary hours of work such as commissions, allowances, bonuses, and shift loading.

Employers who attempt to avoid financial and legal obligations to workers by disguising an employment relationship as an independent contracting arrangement can be held liable for ‘sham contracting’ under the Fair Work Act 2009. This can incur fines up to $54 000.

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Investing in shares vs property in SMSFs

March 19, 2020

Shares and property are two popular investment options for those with a self-managed super fund (SMSF). However, they both have very different attributes and choosing the one that will achieve the best outcome for an SMSF depends on your personal goals and situation.

While the price of shares can vary drastically, property is a relatively stable asset, making it appealing to those who want more security and predictability. Property prices are also negotiable unlike shares, and you can generally borrow money at a lower rate for property purchases.

It may seem hard to find the perfect investment property, but older and undercapitalised properties can be renovated for profit. However, returns from property rentals can be dented due to factors such as land tax, utilities and rates, maintenance and tenancy vacancies.

Shares are more dynamic and volatile than property. One advantage is the accessibility of investing in shares, as you can enter the share market with a few thousand dollars – much less than what you need to invest in a property.

Maintaining a portfolio of quality shares that pay tax-effective dividends may be a good way to fund retirement. With the right portfolio allocation, shares also have the potential to provide a better, stronger income than property rentals, as long as that income is sustainable and increasing.

Property can generally be used as a wealth-creation tool, while shares can create a reliable retirement income. For those who can afford to put more money into investments, it may be a good idea to consider investing and diversifying in both. If you’re unsure about which investment option is right for you, seeking financial advice may be the best option.